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Obesity and Weight Loss Surgery and it’s causes:-

Obesity is a medical condition in which excessive fat accumulates in body that increases the chances of health problems. It results from consuming more calories, lack of physical activities,genetics, endocrine disorders, prolonged use of medications and mental disorders.

What are the Advantages of Weight loss Surgery?

  • Weight Loss : Weight loss is immediate with greater retention.
  • Co-morbid conditions are controlled : Many life-threatening diseases like diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, cancer etc are positively controlled by up to 96% with weight loss surgery.
  • Safety : Weight loss surgeries carry much lesser risk with negligible complications as compared to other surgeries.
  • Minimally Invasive : All weight loss surgeries are done laparoscopically
  • Increased Life Expectancy : It’s time tested that morbidity and mortality rates decrease with weight loss surgery
  • Better Quality of Life : it helps in  improving the self-confidence and agility of the patients after surgery.

Perosn who need Bariatric surgery include the following factors:

  • Age: 18-60 is the right age for this procedure..
  • Weight:  BMI of >32.5  with co-morbidities or 40 plus.
  • Medical conditions: if obesity without medical conditions and you should not be suffering from or have been treated for serious medical conditions such as cancer, epilepsy etc.
  • Lifestyle Changes: 
  •  Addictions: Not addicted to alcohol or other recreational drugs.

Gastric bypass surgery

It consists in creating a small reservoir in the upper part of the stomach that can accommodate only a very small amount (up to 30 cubic cm) of solid food. Next, a workaround is created by which food eaten by the patient passes through most of the stomach and part of the small intestine.

Advantages of the procedure

With the help of gastric bypass surgery, one can sense a weight loss of 60 - 70%. Some even lose weight in about 18 to 24 months.

Sleeve gastroplasty

Sleeve gastroplasty is a bariatric operation aimed at treating morbid obesity and its complications. This operation consists in longitudinal resection of the body and the bottom of the stomach in such a way that a long and thin “sleeve” with an internal diameter of about 1 cm is formed from the lesser curvature of the stomach.

Laparoscopic adjustable stomach band

Laparoscopic adjustable stomach band - a method of surgical treatment of obesity, which consists in imposing a bandage on the upper part of the stomach.

Advantages of the procedure

It is less risky than other bariatric procedures. In the first two years of surgery, patients will experience a 50–60% reduction in their weight.

The duodenal switch

The duodenal switch is a complex operation that removes most of the stomach and uses the gastric tube to bypass most of the small intestine.

Advantages of the procedure

The benefits of a duodenal switch include recovery from diabetes, cardiovascular disease, sleep apnea, degenerative joint disease, depression, hypertension, and many other health conditions. The surgery procedure, although complex, reduces the body weight of patients by almost 80% per year.

Biliopancreatic shunting (Laparoscopic Biliopancreatic Diversion)

Biliopancreatic shunting (Laparoscopic Biliopancreatic Diversion) is the most effective method to combat morbid obesity that causes serious pathologies: asthma, diabetes, hypertension, infertility, and even some types of cancer. This is a complex procedure, not shown to everyone. According to statistics, approximately 65% of people after surgery face deficiency and impaired absorption of vitamins. In 45% of patients there is a low level of calcium in the blood and the development of liver pathologies. Mortality after surgery during the month - 1.1%.

Advantages of the procedure

Almost 75 - 80% of weight loss persists even after a decade after surgery.

What diet do I need to follow after the surgery?

  • You would only be on liquid diet for the first couple of days while you are at the hospital. This would include broth, water and juice. This would continue for about a week after which you would start on soft diet like smoothies and pureed meals.
  • A high-protein diet and multivitamin supplements are indicated for reducing muscle wasting.
  • From 2nd through 6th week, your liquid meals would get thicker.
  • After 6th weeks solid foods introduced in your diet. At that point, your bariatric diet will consist of 3 four-ounce "normal" meals per day.
  • Start slowly and monitor which foods your system can tolerate well. Raw vegetables and fibrous foods may be too much for you to handle first.

Gastrointestinal Problems

Gastroenterology :- It includes study of the function and diseases of the gastro intestinal organs which includes oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, pancreas, gall bladder, liver and biliary ducts.

The study of normal functioning of all gastro intestinal organs that includes:

  • Digestion and absorption of nutrients  in the body
  • Movement of the food and other material via stomach and intestine
  • Functioning of the digestive organs
  • Functioning of liver, gall bladder and bile duct and
  • Excretion of the waste products from digestive system.

Disease of the GI tract

Gastroenterology surgery or treatment is commonly indicated if you are suffering from any of the following problems:

  • Acute and chronic pancreatitis
  • Hepatitis
  • Fissures,Fistula
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Ulcerative colitis or crohn's disease
  • Gall bladder diseases like gallstones
  • Appendicitis
  • Colon or rectal cancers
  • Haemorrhoids
  • Hernia