Obesity is a medical condition in which excessive fat accumulates in body that increases the chances of health problems. It results from consuming more calories, lack of physical activities,genetics, endocrine disorders, prolonged use of medications and mental disorders.
It consists in creating a small reservoir in the upper part of the stomach that can accommodate only a very small amount (up to 30 cubic cm) of solid food. Next, a workaround is created by which food eaten by the patient passes through most of the stomach and part of the small intestine.
With the help of gastric bypass surgery, one can sense a weight loss of 60 - 70%. Some even lose weight in about 18 to 24 months.
Sleeve gastroplasty is a bariatric operation aimed at treating morbid obesity and its complications. This operation consists in longitudinal resection of the body and the bottom of the stomach in such a way that a long and thin “sleeve” with an internal diameter of about 1 cm is formed from the lesser curvature of the stomach.
Laparoscopic adjustable stomach band - a method of surgical treatment of obesity, which consists in imposing a bandage on the upper part of the stomach.
It is less risky than other bariatric procedures. In the first two years of surgery, patients will experience a 50–60% reduction in their weight.
The duodenal switch is a complex operation that removes most of the stomach and uses the gastric tube to bypass most of the small intestine.
The benefits of a duodenal switch include recovery from diabetes, cardiovascular disease, sleep apnea, degenerative joint disease, depression, hypertension, and many other health conditions. The surgery procedure, although complex, reduces the body weight of patients by almost 80% per year.
Biliopancreatic shunting (Laparoscopic Biliopancreatic Diversion) is the most effective method to combat morbid obesity that causes serious pathologies: asthma, diabetes, hypertension, infertility, and even some types of cancer. This is a complex procedure, not shown to everyone. According to statistics, approximately 65% of people after surgery face deficiency and impaired absorption of vitamins. In 45% of patients there is a low level of calcium in the blood and the development of liver pathologies. Mortality after surgery during the month - 1.1%.
Almost 75 - 80% of weight loss persists even after a decade after surgery.
Gastroenterology :- It includes study of the function and diseases of the gastro intestinal organs which includes oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, pancreas, gall bladder, liver and biliary ducts.
The study of normal functioning of all gastro intestinal organs that includes:
Gastroenterology surgery or treatment is commonly indicated if you are suffering from any of the following problems: