Sliding hiatus hernia: It is the sliding of stomach along with the small part of oesophagus into the chest through hiatus.
Paraesophageal Hernia: in which the section of the stomach press through the hiatus protruding it adjacent to the oesophagus. It is dangerous as it can make the stomach strangled, viz. shutting off the blood supply to the stomach.
Exact cause is unknow but possible causes are these:
The following are the option to treat hiatal hernia:
Normally surgery not required but in emergency situation like paraesophageal hernias. In the surgical procedure the surgeon either pulls your stomach down to the original place that makes the hiatus smaller, reconstruct the weak sphincter of oesophagus or remove the hernia sac completely.
This can be done using one of the following procedure:
Thoracotomy: In this surgery is done through a single incision on your chest wall.
Laprotomy: surgery is done through an incision in the abdomen.
Laparoscopic: Surgery is performed using the small camera and surgical tools which are inserted in the abdomen through multiple small incisions. This is the minimally invasive technique.
Piles are haemorrhoids that have become inflamed. Haemorrhoids are masses, clumps, cushions of tissue in the rectum, the last part of the intestine, commonly known as anus. Haemorrhoids are full of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibres.
Some of the common symptoms of piles are:
Piles can either be in the inside or outside the anus. Internal piles typically are 2 to 4cm above the opening of the anus and are much more common. External piles occur on the outside edge of the anus.
Following factor that can cause piles:
Following are the other treatment options for treating haemorrhoids.
The commonly performed surgical procedures are: